Childhood trauma is referred to in academic literature as adversarial childhood experiences. Children may go through a range of experiences that classify like psychological trauma, these might include negligence, abandonment, childhood sexual abuse and physical abuse parent or the sibling is treated violently or there is a parent with a mental illness. These events have profound psychological, physiological and sociological impacts and can have negative and lasting effects on health and well-being.
Childhood trauma is of two types. They are:
Medical trauma sometimes called "pediatric medical traumatic stress" refers to a set of physiological and psychological responses of children and their families to pain, injury, serious illness, medical procedures, and invasive or frightening treatment experiences. Medical trauma may happen as a response to a single or multiple medicinal events.
Separation trauma is a disruption in an attachment relationship that disrupts neurological development and can lead to death. Chronic separation from a caregiver can be extremely traumatic to a child.
Traumatic experiences during childhood cause stress that increases an individual’s allostatic load and thus affects the immune system, nervous system, and endocrine system. Childhood trauma is often associated with adverse health outcomes including depression, hypertension, autoimmune diseases, lung cancer, and premature mortality. An effect of childhood trauma and Dementia includes a negative impact on emotional regulation and impairment of the development of social skills. Research has shown that children raised in traumatic or risky family environments tend to have excessive internalizing (e.g., social withdrawal, anxiety) or externalizing (e.g., aggressive behavior) and suicidal behavior. Recent research has found that physical and sexual abuse is associated with mood and anxiety disorders in adulthood, while personality disorders and schizophrenia are linked with emotional abuse as adults.
Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) is the psychological treatment of choice for PTSD and it’s recommended by best-practice treatment guidelines. CBT typically involves conflict with and dispensation of the trauma memory in a safe, gradual manner, identification and restructuring of problematic principles and de-arousal skills.